6 things you should probably remove from your résumé

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In an age of Facebook, Twitter and FourSquare, we’ve gotten used to broadcasting any and all information about ourselves. But when it comes to your résumé, it might be best to take a cue from architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who coined the phrase, “Less is more.”

Today’s guest blogger, Catherine Jewell, tells job seekers to follow this advice when writing their résumés. Jewell is the Career Passion® Coach and author of “New Resume, New Career,” a résumé makeover book featuring 50 real-life career changers. Here are six things she says you should leave off your résumé.

What to leave out of your résumé
by Catherine Jewell, author of “New Résumé, New Career” 

Once upon a time in the ’70s, I saw a résumé with a full-length photo. It was for a vibrant, 20-something account executive in advertising. I envied her the chutzpah to include her photo. It made the résumé come alive. You could see her eagerness and professional demeanor.

That was then. So much has changed. Employers want to avoid any chance of discrimination about age, gender, sexual orientation, religion, marital and parental status, and ethnicity.  The less you say on the résumé, the more likely you make the cut. Each word, phrase and sentence needs to be carefully selected to prove that you are the right person for the job. Specifically, here are some things to take off your résumé:

1. Graduation dates
Include your degree, major (if it is relevant) and the institution. But take off the date. Age discrimination is a concern for many people looking for work. Avoid tempting reviewers to do the math to discover your age.

2. Irrelevant experience
If you are applying for sales and you have substantial experience in IT project management, downplay the irrelevant experience and create new achievement statements that support your experience with customers. Make your non-sales experience sound more like sales. Shorten job entries that don’t support your sales message.

3. Jobs in the dim, dark past
The rule of thumb is to include your last 10 to 15 years of experience. If you need to prove expertise you gained long ago, you might use the title “Other Relevant Experience” and describe your achievements, without the dates of employment. Baby boomers should be careful not to include 30 years of experience. Why give hiring managers a clue you are over 50 until they meet you in person?

4. Personal section
Résumés of the past often included personal information such as marital status, family members and even church membership. All of that information is illegal to collect, so don’t include it. Also eliminate references to hobbies, clubs and political views. A “Community Work” section can show your leadership skills, but stick with noncontroversial organizations such as Rotary, Lions, the Chamber of Commerce and recognized  nonprofits.

5. Gaps in history
Eliminate gaps in your work history by filling in with short, truthful statements. “Homemaker sabbatical” will explain a five-year work hiatus and allow the interviewer to focus on your history. You can also fill gaps with part-time jobs, direct sales positions or consulting projects.

6. Photos
These may not be on your résumé, but once a potential employer has your full name they might as well be. Polish all social networking profiles and remove any unprofessional or embarrassing photos. Ask your friends to clean up social networking profiles for you, too. If you are gray or balding, you might consider removing your photo during your job search.

Your résumé is designed to present the professional you. Write it with a job description in mind, avoiding any details that might detract from your single-minded pursuit of that job.

Catherine Jewell is on a personal quest to help everyone find perfect work. She is the Career Passion® Coach and author of “New Résumé, New Career,” a résumé makeover book featuring 50 real-life career changers. For more than 25 years, she has studied career planning and has coached more than 600 adults through midlife career changes. Jewell speaks at conferences about Career Passion® and provides résumé writing, career testing, group tele-classes, and coaching by phone or in person. Her new book is available online and in bookstores now. For more information, check out www.CareerPassionCoach.com or contact her at cj@careerpassioncoach.com.

224 Comments
  1. Thanks for the concise approach to the what not to do in resume writing.

    Job applicants need to think of their resume as a component of a marketing package that brands them in the best way possible. And candidates applying for different roles or industries, as the article presents might be possible, should develop separate marketing packages that identify different candidate branding strategies. Not sure how to do this? Ask a professional for sound counsel.

  2. I wouldn’t completely leave off extensive volunteer experience at a church, synagogue, or mosque or for a religious organization. I have advised students to “mask it” by putting something like “Volunteer Day-Care Teacher, Non-profit Organization” or “President, Non-Profit Charitable Organization” especially if the experience is directly related to the job.

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  4. Sorry, Catherine. You are way wrong on #4.

    Why on earth would someone NOT include volunteer work where they have achieved a leadership role in the community just because it is of a political or religious nature? Really? Is this what this world has come to? No good deed unless it’s PC and totally devoid of beliefs or convictions?

    God forbid someone should be involved in charitable works that affect public policy and voter education. God forbid they should lead church missions that provide help to those less fortunate.

    If an employer reading my resume sees my leadership in such areas and can only be “offended”, rather than impressed, then I have no desire to work for/with them.

    • I totally agree! If the employer does not want to see this type of leadership role and is afraid of someones faith, then your right, I don’t need them. It is horrible that we are afraid to express what we have done in our life if it would have relevence to the job we are applying for just because there is faith attached to it. Really, peolpe need to move on from this discrimination!

      • Employers aren’t afraid of faith or politics. They are afraid of Drama. An employee who wears their politics or religion on their sleeve can be extremely disruptive in the office. If you are such a person, than by all means, be up front and place that information center on your resume.

        But if you are willing to work in harmony along side people with diverse faiths and political views, than keep that stuff in the back seat. Your potential employer isn’t interested in either. He or she just wants competent cooperative help. And he or she does not want to be placed in the compromising position of having to ignore information not asked for and forbidden by law to collect.

        It’s about harmony. If an employer suspects that you can’t place harmony before religion or politics, than it doesn’t matter what your religion or politics may be. You will not get the job.

        -Science_1

        • Well-put. It’s not about PC; it’s about discretion. If one feels one’s faith is being castigated, think about this: Being the “salt of the earth” should mean a small sprinkle, not oversalting (which will kill the ground it’s dumped on). Also remember that everyone brings something different to the table, so a single statement could mean something vastly different to everyone who reads it.

    • Amen to that – pun intended. I just could not work for someone who was bigoted and close-minded. I don’t care what beliefs you prescribe to (that do not harm other lives (animal, plants,etc.) and you don not have the right to judge me on my beliefs.

    • The previous girth of statements are exactly why you should avoid Faith, Volunteering, and Religion on a resume. Its a one way ticket to total conflict and drama. Its irrelevant to the task at hand of explaining why your the best fit for the job.
      Yes, in deed, this is the world we live in.
      One giant caviat though, if the volunteer or religion is DIRECTLY related then go with it, other wise why would you chance it?

  5. So your advice for those applicants who are a little older is to LIE? Like the interviewer isn’t going to figure that out when they sit down face to face. I know that there is a big youth culture movement going on, but applicants from every generation have something to offer, and many boomers have a lot of experience in the field that is priceless. Youth is overrated in my opinion. There are plenty of young people that don’t “get it” and a surprising number of of older people who do “get it”. It all comes down to how much you’ve attempted to keep up with the change that is inevitable not only in business, but in life. Millennials take notes, and be sure to save your money now, because this will be you in a few decades. Or you can just dye your hair and forge a new birth certificate.

    • It’s not lying, it’s just leaving out the red herrings. It did say that they’ll figure it out when sitting down at the interview. If you can’t get your toe in the door, you can’t strut your stuff.

    • We can’t change our first names, can we? For many of us, particularly women, first names are a dead giveaway to our age. How old is someone named Kathy, Carol, Janice, Barbara, or Nancy? I’ve also read that leaving graduation dates off of resumes is another dead giveaway. Almost every piece of advice listed here has been contradicted elsewhere.. except to clean up your social networking sites.

  6. Catherine,
    With age discrimination in the workplace you are definitely right not to include any hints (such as 30 years of work)to your age. It is sad but true, a lot of companies do discriminate based on age.

  7. I’m looking for some advice from some more seasoned workers who have the experience to know. I am 25 years old with a trade certificate in Information Technology from a vocational high school in 2003 and havn’t used it since. I worked a few automotive jobs as an uncertified mechanic and parts counter sales for little pay but I loved what I was doing. When I was 20 I fell into a job as a Drop Forge Operator in a factory forging steel which I have been at for 5 years. It’s a union job, 1’st shift, making $17.41/hr plus overtime, health/dental/life insurance, 2 weeks vacation, matching 401k & a pension. Plus it’s a relatively low stress job and I love my boss. My dilema is my job does have a lot to offer but there are not many factories in my area with Drop Forge Machinery and I don’t have any other skills. I fear that if my company eventually closes or outsources that I will find myself older and unskilled making it very difficult to find a good job. Especially as I get older as I know age discrimination is all over the place. Should I get into a new line of work while I’m young enough and most likely take a hit in pay and benefits so I can have a more secure career or should I just take the $$$ now, build up my pension, and worry about it when it happens? I have considered night classes, however if I stay at my current job for too many years my training will be outdated (like my IT cert) so there is no point if I stay at my job. What would you do?

    • Carguy,
      Continuing ed is never wasted. You may want to consider getting an Associates of Science to get all your general education requirements out of the way. Something in industrial technology or drafting or even CNC machining. This would pull from your current experience and may position you to make a move sooner rather than later.
      I finished by BS in Engineering at 35 and my Masters at 45. I just changed jobs this year. While ageism exists, I have kept myself competitive by keeping up with the software tools expected of new grads in my profession and staying current in the liturature for simulation and industrial engineering. It made a difference – I was hired over younger, equally qualified candidates.

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    • I’ve learned about a lot of unrelated topics which have ended up being useful in jobs years down the road. Learn about what interests you; you never know when you’ll use it. Volunteering (as possible!) also lets you try something else without committing to a plunge… and you can make valuable contacts in the new field. Again, you never know.

  10. this is a response to Carguy9403

    Dude,

    My suggestion is that you stay at your current position for another FIVE years and go to night school (if you have the time – not sure on your work / life balance situation) Take night school courses that are applicable to your current career position but would also be applicable to another career position “you think you might want to move into”. 10 years is WAY WAY WAY better that five years experience at the same position. Also at your current organization (even though it may be union there must be opportunity for advancement (however slight) try and move up the ladder! And I’ll end by quoting/paraphrasing “The Boss – aka Bruce”…… “those union jobs ain’t coming back”. DUDE you have it GREAT – pls let me know where the grass is greener? Not in Paradise City for sure where only the girls are prettier!
    Cool Chutes, Brennan E. Wares

  11. I quite appreciate this effort, but still believe that one’s experience should not be omitted in one’s resume.
    Thanks.

  12. Then again, if you were well beyond the usual college age when you earned that degree, it’s not exactly lying to include your graduation date. Even if it may lead someone to incorrectly infer your age.

    Of course, the interviewer can still visually estimate your age in a face-to-face interview. But (considering that your chance of getting the job if you don’t win an interview is exactly zero) what’s to lose?

    “Graduation dates
    Include your degree, major (if it is relevant) and the institution. But take off the date. Age discrimination is a concern for many people currently looking for work. Avoid tempting reviewers to do the math to discover your age.”

  13. As someone that has made their living as a recruiter putting people to work for the last decade, I can honestly say that this is an excellent article. Most recruiters / hiring managers spend less than 1 minute looking at a resume because there are SO many to go through (especially in a market like this one) so the point is not to LIE about your age, or down play your religious beliefs, or involvement, but simply to try your best and highlight the skills that are most relevant to the position to which you are applying. Don’t fill your resume with fluff when you can be using that space to show why you are the best person for the job. If you are applying for a sales role, is it really relevant that you were in the glee club in high school 15 years or 20 years ago? No. So why put it on your resume. The same applies with marital status, sexual orientation, religious beliefs or even political affiliations. When it comes to looking for work, those things simply do not matter. Illustrating how you are the best person for the job should be the primary and sole objective.

  14. I just want to share my experience with job hunting. I think you can retain a few of these so-called “errors” if you know how to play around with the words. A little lying is okay, as long as it is… well, little. Try to develop proper resume writing techniques with the help of http://www.resumedictionary.com and you could come up with the right document

  15. Thanks to Brennan for the advice. I do realize I’m very fortunate to have the job that I have. I just don’t know for how long. My company seems to be doing good but union manufacturing jobs right now are very insecure in general. I am on the safety committee at my plant and I’m currently taking the OSHA 30 hr night class. I have an ok work/life balance. I work (5) 10 hr days a week and 5 hrs every other Saturday. I know I have a sweet deal at my job but I have seen too many unskilled workers aged 40+ with good jobs that lost them during this recession and they don’t know where to go now. I don’t want to end up like that. Especially since age discrimination is a big problem later in life. Again thanks for the advice

  16. Carguy: Kudos to you for thinking ahead. Sounds like your full work days leave little time for night school. Consider online college classes or schools.

  17. Can you leave your college history out completely if you did not graduate or it is not relevant to the job you are applying for?

    Does it really matter if you only attend college for two years?

    • Ultimately they’re looking for persistence: Did you finish what you started? So, yes, it might very well matter.

      But I wouldn’t leave out the college information entirely; you chose to do more than many by starting college – that says something. And you can always go back and finish; that also would say something.

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  19. I’d take the age advice with a grain of salt. My employer prefers workers with a few years on them because of their maturity. They feel there is less drama and an acceptance of what work is. That gives a more consistent product.

  20. I totally disagree with the age comments and number of years experience. When I was looking for a job about 3-4 years ago, I decided early on that I wanted them to know how old I was. There are actually company’s that like hiring an older more mature person. I didn’t want to waste my time nor theirs when going through the interview process. What’s the point in hiding your age when it would be so obvious as soon as you go for an interview? I just don’t understand that mindset at all!!

    Evidently it worked because I had two job offers to review and decide upon. I must have done something right!

  21. Do not include any military service. Most HR people look at us as a possile medical and psychological problem.

    • I disagree with this comment. I have an older brother who INCLUDED his time in the military (which was around 20 YEARS) when he applied for his current job and because of his experience and training that he received in the military, he go the job. So, if you’re going into the same field that you were trained in while in the military, then please include it because the employers will wonder what you were doing during that time.

      • I would think that it would be like going to a good school; it’s a known quantity. A title can be anything, is not always the same from company to company. Who issued the title? is a whole ‘nother ballgame, can speak volumes.

  22. My thoughts on the article:

    Grdaution dates:

    People these days do understand that even grandmothers”” and “teenagers” are now a part of the new college population. They can assume your age from the dates but it all boils down to the face-to-face interview which they will assume your age anyway at that point. I would leave it because it shows your education is fresh but if you are of an older generation then yes i would omit it (shame that it results to this).

    Irrelevant Experience:

    If you don’t know by now people, make sure you have at least TWO versions of your resume to suit the industries and/or career you’re trying to get into. This way it doesn’t appear as if you’re just sending out your resume randomly. Employers dispise it, REALLY!!! Never omit experiences because it shows how diverse your skills are and how they can contribute to the potential employer.

    Jobs in the Dim, Dark Past:

    If you can fit all that experience on that one page resume, by all means! But be careful because if your resume goes back for example 10 years and its on two pages with no releveance to the position it will get tossed like a basketball in the garbage like any other non relevant resume. Seen it and heard it happen! Two pages of experience is ok but be careful on how you do it.

    Personal Section:

    When writing your resume, depending on the website, omit your address unless you can prove the company is legit!!! Identity theft can start simply from a name, mailing address, email address, and etc. Unfortunately this is the world we are living in. btw…who would include things like marital status?!….ohhh…of course…that one person of society!

    Gaps in History:

    Yes. I agree with filling in those gaps with things such as part time, temporary, volunteer work, and etc. But we all know most people are filling in the gaps by extending the stay at their previous job. They can get caught but the rarity of that happening is very slim these days. Previous employers an individual might be cool with will sometimes help that previous employee by lying about the dates of the job and the salary.

    Photos:

    Never include a photo with your resume…that can be a basis for discrimination be it your ethnicity, skin color, age, etc. And it can ened up in places you don’t want it to show up!!! Yes polish your social networking profiles but PEOPLE…NEVER USE YOUR SOCIAL NETWORKING EMAIL AS YOUR JOB HUNTING EMAIL ADDRESS….DUHHH…THAT’S HOW THEY FIND YOU!!! have an email for personal things and one for social networking sites. All they have to do is enter you email address in a search engine, and your social network page can come up and you’re like “how did they know that?”. Use COMMON SENSE!

    Just my thoughts!

    • re dates of job and salary: I worked in HR for a time. One of my jobs was to verify this info by pulling information from the employee file and entering it in the fax as stated in the file.

      If you put a ? on your application, this could tell them you don’t mean to misrepresent but really don’t remember.

  23. If you are in academia, you need to submit your transcripts, so they get the graduation dates anyway to confirm your degree.

  24. The purpose of the resume is to get an interview,. After the interview you go forthe job. Not saying your age gave you a chance to be interviewed. That’s when you show that you are qualify for the job. Firts, use resume technics to get interviewed.

  25. If you have been terminated due to a breech in confidentiality,how could you describe this on your job application. When it asks have you ever been terminated or asked to leave a position due to infraction of a company policy?

  26. My career has been in the clerical area of the medical field. I found myself at 40 years of age wanting to work part-time. I took a six-month course at a Junior College in medical transcription and Biology. This was an excellent choice for me, as I have been at it for 40 years. Accuracy and attention to good work are essential. I have worked both in office and been a private contractor. As our technology is ever advancing, (thank God), it is quite possible that I like the elevator operator of old will become obsolete. The choice to keep in the game is there for all who chose to move with the times, and this too is a needed skill. I agree with all you say, and would advise others to do likewise, advice should always be considered as a tool in a changing industry, as they all do change. I applaud your sharing your expertise.

  27. I think you made a valid point about not putting your graduation date on the resume. This way you can at least be called for an interview and when you get there you have a chance of winning them over with your personality and professionalism. If they like you they will probably forget all about your age.

  28. carguy, yes you do have a sweat deal. But if I may suggest some things you may not have thought of. First check with your company about educational opportunities. They may have a tuition reimbursement program which could help you pay for any classes that are not required for your job. Second, start a savings program of your own. $20 a week in a savings account, CD, or mutual fund now can go a LONG way toward making you feel better when five years from now your good paying union job goes on a vacation to other lands. Third, don’t forget that the required safety or other job related seminars you take now go on your resume as well. They show a potential employer that you are willing to learn, and bonus! they won’t have to pay to send you to those same seminars!

  29. You should really lose the first accent egu – there isn’t one over the first “e” in resumé, only the last one.

  30. Regarding removing hobbies and personal interests: I am a professional software developer and I found out (several years after) that I was hired for my first “real” job due to the fact that I put music and songwriting on my resume. Evidently the manager wanted someone with creativity. So, I don’t think it is necessarily a bad idea to have a very short section on personal interests.

  31. I thought age discrimination was something designed by the makers of hair dye. This smells of paranoia. (hiding your graduation date, your exerience over 15 years ago , and your bald/gray photos) Be straight forward.

    • Its not that their afraid of your experience its the plain simple fact that you’re more of a health cost. Old equals expensive, more sick days, more days out for kids, more having to go to this thing or that thing.
      For example, my last boss of 25 years my senior took a day off each year for doing his taxes.
      Not that I am saying doing your taxes is bad but when you actually take time away from work that equals a loss of production time. Its simple business of cost versus production. Not Old versus Young.

  32. I always thought it was a good idea to include hobbies in your resume, because it shows the employer what type of person you are. It shows something about your personality.

    Thanks for the advice.

  33. Actually, as someone who’s spent a fair amount of time on both sides of the hiring desk, I find very little — if anything — that’s helpful.

    #2 Is close to the best, yet I do know of occasions where ‘unrelated’ experience ended up an advantage in a close decision.

    Most of the rest I’ve already flushed from memory, as it seems to focus on hide your age if you’re a ‘boomer’ (I am, and I’m proud of it, thank you very much), and generally any private info anyone might have a issue with. Wouldn’t it be better to know that up front? You’d rather the applicant waste time and money on losing prospects?

    I happen to feel that people who show they are actually proud of themselves in addition to their c.v. data make *much* more interesting candidates, and much more valuable employees.

  34. Would you still recommend a student looking for their first job right out of college still omitting the grad date?

  35. “Polish all social networking profiles and remove any unprofessional or embarrassing photos. Ask your friends to clean up social networking profiles for you, too. If you are gray or balding, you might consider removing your photo during your job search.”

    ….some men don’t need hair, you pretentious, 20 something douche. I wake up everyday….unemployed. I am in sales. I have to sell myself, my company and my product to someone new every single day. I also make a very nice living doing it despite the embarrasment I must feel….Come to think of it, I am not embarrassed by it AT ALL.

  36. what a crock of shit! The truth is you’ll never satisfy anybody, this world is corrupted. Just give up. If they don’t hire you because of something so insignificant then you don’t need to work for people like that, you’ll regret working for them later when they fire you for any little reason. Get an easy job and have fun. Lifes too short to be so serious.

  37. What a load of crap! The truth is you’ll never satisfy anybody, this world is corrupted. Just give up. If they don’t hire you because of something so insignificant then you don’t need to work for people like that, you’ll regret working for them later when they fire you for any little reason. Get an easy job and have fun. Lifes too short to be so serious.

    • Oh my gosh, you are the ONLY person right on point! If you only knew what I’ve gone through these past couple of years trying to “fit” in!

  38. Thank you Catherine, but there are some other critical information many writers like you seem not to place emphasis upon. Many employers have used this current unfortunate job market to show obvious discrimination against foreign born US citizens, particularly those with ‘so called’ accent and also diplomas received from oversea Universities by this group of people. A friend who studied in one of the Universities in England attended an interview recently and he told me that the interviewer spent so much time explaning to him that the company was looking for a candidate who received a four year degree and not a three year one. According to him, this explanation came after this interviewer first told my friend that she did not know that Buchingham University existed. Ofcourse, my friend did not get that job and we do not have to ask why.

    My question is, when you are confronted by an interviewer who is not well informed and who has already made up his/her mind about you simply because you are a foriegn born citizen with a foreign University degree, how do you handle this situation?

  39. Being in the job placement business myself, my experience says that Catherine is quite accurate on every point.
    I would like to add, you have approximately 2.5″-3″ after the name and contace info to convice the resume reviewer/decision maker to continue reading. Otherwise, its into the ‘no pile’. The objective on top is also out of date. The first thing a decision maker with a large stack of resumes in front of him/her should see – right under the name and contact info, is the job title – BOLD AND IN CAPS. The next thing is a convincing summary of experience and skills that directly relate to the job description & requirements. This gives the reviewer reason to read on to the details. You’ve got a ew inches of precious real estate, a few seconds, to convince the reviewer that you know what yu want to be and it is identical to what the companyis loooking for.
    For those in the baby boomer category, not to despair. The resume is just the door-opener. Well, not ‘just’ the door-opener, it is “THE” DOOR-OPENER.
    So, do not create a barrier (however unjust it might seem to be). Follow Catherine’s suggestin, get in the door, then win them over by standing out in the interview.
    Regarding volunteer service. If, for example, a volunteer experience is ‘faith’ based AND is relevent, it might help to include it. However, keep the denomination out of it. This way you will keep predjudice (however unfair that is) out of the picture, or at least minimized, while showing relevant experience. If it is nt relevant, do not include it. The generation making hiring decision today is more interested in whether a candidate can do the job than what nice, seet things he/she has done for the community.
    Getting a job today is very competitive. It is a challenge and a science. I see large sums of money being spent on resumes that will not work because they do not address the needs of an over-worked HR/decision maker with perhaps hundreds of resumes from people competing for the same job. Tell him/her why you are the one for the position, THEN prove it.

  40. This is one of the best resume’ columns I have seen. It is vey current , modern and up-to-date in that, she is not suggesting lieing, but it is very wise to get your foot in the door first, and broadcast your relevant skills…in other words, I am a successful person because each and every resume’, though it is monumental work, is custom-’tailored’ to the job that is available…and I enjoy it when dummies criticize and don’t understand that, because it just knocks their dumb resume’s stright into the garbage can…grow up and realize that is exactly it. This article is great and takes that ALL into account. And to those of you who disagree, thanks, it makes the piles of resume’s much smaller for ME!

  41. i haven’t even read through this whole article and they are already wrong. I’m a recent grad and employers have asked every time! when did you graduate. They want to know. this article lost all credibility for me.

  42. How about race discrimination, every freaken interview I been to people ask what my nationality is, what is this I get labeled. Hiring Managers chose candidates based on their own kind. Racism still flows in job markets. What you say to that?

  43. I interviewed the day before turning 61, if you are worth the money age is not an issuse. But leaving out somethings age will get you left out of a job real quick. HR hates lies.

  44. JohnnyFrisk – The advice was offered to keep your resume from being screened out in the 60 preview. Once you have the face to face interview, you have the opportunity to pitch your unique ability and get beyond the age bias. No lie in the process.

  45. I was in the automobile industry for 28 years, started off washing cars, then parts, bodyshop, then sales, then ownership. Now, my mistake, I am a career changer. Keep training! No matter what! and in any field that interests you and as much as you can get. As technology grows, job fields change, keep up to date on new technology and get certified, then no matter what happens down the road, you’ll be ready. And diversify, don’t get all your certificates in one area, broaden your horizons, then if the job you have disappears, you’ll be able to move into any field you want. I only wish I had done that, now I’m having to search for programs. Good Luck

  46. Response to Randy and Car Guy : As an employer I look for “any” college experience, even if it is a Jr. College or a school like University of Phx. This tells me that the applicant is motivated to make something of themselves besides being a minimum wage employee. I actually only got through 2 years of Jr college in my late 20′s but then I went back to a University for my BA when I was 35 years old. I was able to secured a position as a regional manager with a large health care company making over $100,000 a year. This was only possible becasue I went back to school and got my degree. I then started my own company. I support all of my employees in their quest for education. You are never too old to go to school. It’s up to you if you turn 30 something with or with out your degree. In this day and age, most companies will not even interview you if you don’t have at least a BA or BS.You might be able to squeeze through the filtering process if you state that your “BA is in progress” but I would not play that card unless you have compleated at least 2 years of college/ AA and you are currently taking classes to complete your BA.

    I totally agree with Catherine’s article about resume’s. Thank you for your honesty.

    • For Catherine: You say you have an advanced degree and had a $100,000 annual job. I suggest you take some additional classes in English to learn to spell or, at the very least, use spell check.

      • GET OVER THE SPELLING VJ!!! That is only a RESPONSE to someone else that DOES NOT concern you, this person is not writing a resume or cover letter…That is when perfection sets in….MY GOSH…also, this person may be making a quick point. WHERE IS YOUR DEGREE???

        • I have to agree. Spelling is overrated. Why always comments about spelling in a forum such as this? This is not a formal document or anything important. I do not usually worry about spelling for writing comments like this. Yet people always scold for it. I find I make more spelling errors as I get older even spelling incorrectly when I know the proper spelling. It’s just being in a hurry and too much multitasking. If I proofread I would find it but don’t always have time. Doesn’t mean you don’t really know the proper spelling.

  47. Regarding JohnnyFrisk’s comment. It’s not called lying, it’s just leaving off jobs that are too far in the past. There IS age discrimination, particularly in the technical field I work in. I am 55 now, and fortunately, due to some great genes people think I am about 10 years younger. When I was hired the HR person, after looking at my birth date actually said..”OMG, I thought you were a LOT younger”. I might have never even been granted an interview for that job, but got the job…and great reviews with it.

  48. Having a college degree or having attended college dose not guaranty you a job. If so, there’re be far less people out of work. In some cases having a college degree or college credits can give an applicants a leg up, and sometimes like I just mention, it’s not even relevant. Because if you can demonstrate to a potential employer, you have the skills and knowledge to handle the job, not having a degree or college credits might not make much of a different. Example. Someone I know, will not mention their name, received an offer for a job that required a college degree. It was explain to them, that, their qualifications out-weighted the needed for the degree. You see, in some cases, experience trump’s a degree.

  49. I find the whole resume issue confusing. I’ve done mine each time I’ve finished a degree. I’ve tried to gear it toward the position I’m applying for. I’ve had a professional in the HR industry look at it and edit it for me. To no avail, I’m still at my current job. My problem could be that I have almost 20 years of retail management experience–I am not completely happy with this career, but the salary is great. I have a BA in Sociology/Criminology and an MA in Social Policy. My passion is in the path of my schooling, but I seem to be unable to successfully make the transition from one field to another. Will I have to start at the bottom? I’ve sent my resume to a few places and heard nothing back. Any advice? Thanks.

  50. I would not wait for something better to come along, it’s always best to go after the dream you want. Even if you have to sacrafice somethings (short-term sacrafice!), the payoff is greater….better job and security. You already have IT cert and add little qualification to that and market yourself out there. This should be an easy answer to you and it sounds like you already know what is best for you…you are young and it’s fun to explore different career….I did and gained alot of experience and confidence.

  51. Dear Carguy9403,
    It’s nice that your in this subject matter, but @ 25 yrs of age what the HELL DO YOU KNOW about age discrimmation? When your 40 then you’ll have life experiences to draw upon to UNDERSTAND!!

    • OMG, Dude like it works both way, man. Ya know, the age discrimination thing. BTW When your 25 its really freakin difficult to conjure up reverent respect when all your subordinates have gray or no-hair. Boomers are pretty crotchety when their getting bossed by my generation.
      At 45, if one still does not have the technical qualifications,and the 25 year old right out of school does,then the 25 year old gets the job. Technical knowledge trumps experience because of the fear of lawsuits.
      Its all about liability and risk, technical knowledge is the first check on the box when getting a job.
      Its a Brave New World and the era of working hard and getting promoted is gone, minus sales and construction. 25 or 45, we are both being used to make profits for someone else. The profiteers want the knowledge base and could care less of your age.

  52. I am so sick and tired of HR morons suggesting age is a problem in finding a job and that the more experienced worker should cover up who they are because they happen to be experienced. No wonder the rest of the developed world thinks Americans are stupid. This is as stupid as it gets.

    No one in there right mind is going to pass up someone with experience for some one less experience. That’s just plain crazy. If they do then that’s your first clue the manager can’t manage and has some ego problem rather than a business problem. You don’t want that nonsense in your life anyway.

    I am over 50. Have 30 years of experience and proudly put all my experience down on my resume and guess what I have turned down 4 jobs in the last 3 months in great places around the world including the US because I’m looking for the right fit and because of my experience can afford to be choosy.

    So to all of you over 50 with great experience don’t let these young naïve HR people get you down with their talk about being too old. They have no clue and have not managed people or probably anything for that matter.

    I’ll hire someone with experience every day of the week because the younger worker is still learning. No one talks about the work ethic of the baby boomer – hard working, dedicated, and good. I’ve hired young kids and while some are nice they have a lot to learn. Any manager worth his salt knows the better value is a healthy experienced worker. Who do you want to work beside – someone with experience you can learn from or someone you can barely understand? Experienced is the only way to get the job done right the first time and that friends is how a company becomes successful!

  53. As an older person and former manager. I would say take some management training and/or ask for (crew) or other managment assignments on the job. So far good hands on management training has not disappeared and it is easy to stay current. Also as you get older so will your boss and if he decides to leave and the company stays in existence you will have the experience to move up. Please also go to your local community college and take the career tests for aptitude and attitude which give you a great prospective on your interests and strengths you may be due for a complete overhaul. Best of luck to you!

  54. Carguy9403 You are very smart to look ahead. I definitely believe in unions. A friend and my brother, both union, are the only people I know who have been able to retire with good benefits, pay, and at a relatively early age. You may be able to take a leadership position in your union. Even if unpaid to begin with, it will show on your resume as mgt/leadership positions. Also you may be able to get into an “OSHA” knowledge-based position. Take general classes(called “gen ed” classes- English, math etc.) in a college that has certification on a national level. On-line classes are great, but those credits possibly won’t be accepted at a regular college if you do go for a degree. Many community colleges have night courses in general education, to get you started. Call your closest 4-year college, and find out whose college credits they accept, and what questons you should ask to determine who to take courses from, and who to avoid. Gen Ed class credits usually don’t expire. They just have to meet the college’s definition. Granted, this may change over time, but not by much. If you’re satisfied with your position, stay in it, sock away savings, pay for a house (clear the mortgage, which is much more important than some big fancy house). Clear ALL debts, and if/when you do get laid off and/or decide to get into school, you’ll be in a great position to pursue a different career. I’m older, and back in school, so I know it can be done. “Been there, doing that”. ;-) Age discrimination is alive and well, so experience to put on your resume in some categories is definitely critical. Lastly (sorry, I know this has been long) you may find yourself getting bored in a few years, and will know it’s time to move on/ahead. Good luck, and congratulations on being successful and smart about your life.

  55. This is the best and most concise article I’ve seen yet on what to do/not do with your resume while looking for work. Many other articles on job hunting are just full of silly advice that’s mostly irrelevant. Thanks.

  56. Becauise of this article I removed my graduation dates, but an interviewer aksed for them, so I’ve put them back.

  57. Carguy:
    You are smart to worry about your company closing its doors.

    I have always used two things to keep an edge:

    1. develop a one, five and ten year plan. That should help you plan for your future.
    2. when things are going well, get educated. Although I had a good job, and made lots of money and had good benefits, I pursued a law degree. That allowed me to move to a more lucrative job in the middle of the economic dump last year. Don’t waste time, and don’t wish you did something eariler.

  58. Your resume is a first impression of YOU not just the job that you are going after. You tell a prospective employer what you want them to know about YOU. Your “irrelevant” experience is relevant because it says the type of person you are: You are willing to do what it takes, You are trainable, You are civic minded, you are trustworthy. All of these characteristics may be found in your resume and say volumes about you. Your example of downplaying the IT project management in a sales resume is very bad because there are many common elements in both backgrounds that would make it very good for that person.Both backgrounds include management of time, interacting with others, knowing what you are talking about and the ability to get the job done or the sale made. Include your hobbies and club memberships because it shows that
    you are a well rounded individual. You need to stand out in that one minute read and your experience and background is what will give you the edge.

  59. Carguy9403,

    I may have missed it but I didn’t see where you might have mentioned another career field you might be interested in. I’m 44 and leaving my job this Friday for an internship (on purpose) in a new career field. It’s rarely too late to do what you really want to do, but you have to be prepared. I’ve been going to school part time at night for almost ten years.

    Coincidentally, I also got my CSHO certification many years ago. Education is a marvelous thing. However, college isn’t for everyone. The OSHA training that you’re getting can be used at any plant in the United States. Perhaps you can further develop that interest? It won’t really go out of date as long as you use it and keep up your certifications. There is an online degree program at San Juan college for safety professionals as well. It is an associates degree I believe. My former boss helped them develop the program in conjunction with TEEX in Mesquite, TX. Although there are usually only a few safety professionals at a plant, finding good, educated safety professionals with the kind of hands-on experience you are getting is difficult.

    Good for you thinking ahead.

  60. THANK YOU for commenting on photos!!! If I have a career at all, it would be hospitality, as I’ve had MANY positions (part- or full-time) as a waitress and/or bartender. I was pretty sure that applications asking about marital status or children are completely ILLEGAL these days, though I am willing to tolerate the “do you have reliable transportation” line, as it could relate to punctuality, etc.

    But what is with this new trend of posting an ad on Craigslist and ASKING for a photo??? I ignore most of them, as I’m not 21, blonde, and thin, so I ASSUME they want inexperienced children over experienced hard workers. But I AM a fantastic server and bartender and get truly steamed that they would rather hire “trendy, hip, young” employees to “fit in” with their tendy, hip, young establishments. If I send a photo at all, it’s usually the one with me holding an imported beer, with the lemon wedge in my mouth, with a line that clarifies, “I’m guessing this is not what you had in mind, but if nothing else, it speaks to my sense of humor.”

    Who on earth do I report the unfair hiring practices of these companies TO, exactly?

  61. I think the idea that hiring manager will “do the math” to discover your age is almost completely obsolete. Any manager who assumes that a potential employee went straight to college at 18 and completed their degree in 4 years is almost completely out of touch with reality. So many people work through school or return after long absences. I once had a staff of 25 with 15 of them holding college degrees. Not one of them finished college at 22 or even 23.

    Randy- any college that relates to your job search is good. If you completely dropped out, find a way to make it sound positive. But if you are still pursuing the degree (or changing jobs so that you can pursue it), include that information as well. Education is ALWAYS a good thing. Show it off.

  62. With regard to number 5 and gaps in job history…

    I’m a 2009 college graduate and unemployed since, but ended up taking a total of 6 years to complete my bachelor’s because of the death of a parent a few years back. Now I understand presenting constructive and positive information regarding your activities during that downtime… but how does one go about including that particular gap in a job history, without blatently stating someone died, while also avoiding a statement along the lines of “personal issue”? How do you make that particular experience out to be the sort of thing that can actually help you obtain a position, or at the very least, avoid it from being a sour note in an interview?

    The only advice I’ve received thus far is, when asked by an interviewer, I just say there was an illness in the family, and I leave it at that. To be honest, I would rather tackle that particular segment in my resume and not even have the question come up, the purpose being I wish to seem as though I have considered the entire timeline of my education and job history and come off as more professional up front.

  63. To JohnnyFrisk et al:
    The advice was not to “lie”, it was only to exclude a date. To say that you graduated is OK, just don’t include the graduation date. Employers are looking for fresh newcomers that will stay in their companies for years. If you say you graduated in 1920, the employer will be less likely to interview you because you will be dead soon. :) Sell yourself on paper first, get the interview, then knock ‘em dead!!

  64. I hardly qualify as “seasoned” as you requested, but I am 28 and have been facing a somewhat similar situation (though in a different field). I took the education route you suggested and so far it has worked out well for me. I got a degree that was somewhat generic (management) in hopes of having some security in the event that I lost my job. So far, I have been fortunate and haven’t lost my job! Even better though, my degree has opened up doors in my current field that I had not otherwise considered.

    If you are able to take night classes (that’s what I did), then I would definitely recommend it! It took me a bit longer to finish my degree program since I was also working my regular job, but I definitely think it was worth it.

    Good luck to you! :)

  65. I HATE WAL MART/ GM/ FORD/ CRY / ALL UNION DRUNKS. I HATE ALL TEACHERS/ THERE ALL COMMIE / DEMACRATS. I DONT NEED A JOB. THE NAVY HAS ALL OFFICERS ARE FAGS/ AND DRUNKS/ LAZY ASSHOLES. MOSTLY NIGGERS IS THE ARMY / MARIEN CORPS/ AIR FARTS/ I DOINT NEED YOUR KISS ASS JOBS. YOUR JOBS CAN KISS MY ASS YOU ASS KISSERS

  66. I totally agree with that ; believing submit of resume and interview is sales technique ” how to market yourself?” .

    also writing your resume is selling teqniq.
    an experience be4 , i have interview in a large bank with head of PF , so once i gave him my resume he start loughing and looking to me saying ” I’ve selected to interview with you for your touch in resume coloring it with the same colors of our bank brand did you mean it ??” i said “yes” , he completed the interview offering a pkg not worthy for me, and i leave .

    Mansour

  67. “If you are gray or balding, you might consider removing your photo during your job search.”

    A sad reminder of how shallow our culture has become.

  68. As a general comment to all job seekers.

    I am an employer who recently submitted a job opening on line but hired no one because I received not one resume that told me the person was qualified for the job. I came to the conclusion that the applicants did not read what was in the ad. They apparently saw only the first word in the job title and hit the send button with a resume attached for a variety of possible jobs assosiated with that word, but not the other two.

    I posted a detailed description of the work and a job title that included the most important clues to the job. I was absolutely amazed when I received resumes with totally unrelated experience – nothing to support why I should read the entire resume – and I didn’t.

    Thus, my #1 recommendation to job-seekers would be to make sure you do your homework and read carefully the information supplied by the employer before quickly sending off a resume. If your goal is to send as many resumes as possible in a day hoping to secure interviews somewhere, you will be subject to the laws of probability – you will probably remain unemployed.

    If you send a resume with actual related experience, even if it was one recent job with more than a year on that job, you will probably open the door to an opportunity to answer questions specifically related to the employer’s needs as well as provide a better picture of what experience you have that can be adapted to the new position.

    Recommendation #2. If you are a hands-on worker looking for a serious job, many employers look at the number of jobs and length of time you stay on each job as a consideration. If it looks like you are NOT a good risk to invest in with respect to training, they will pass, especially with jobs that require various levels of skill in specialized industries.

    For example, if you work for us, it takes about two years (similar to an apprenticeship) to really learn enough to work on your own. Many of our workers have more than five years of experience before they are considered in charge and training their own helper. I will not take on a person who does not show they have the discipline and the desire to patiently go through the full training process. That is extremely important for the safety of others in our industry. There are many companies that follow our same practice.

    The big advantage a person has when they leave a company like ours after 5 years or more of service is that within this and/or related industries, many companies like ours have a long standing reputation for doing excellent work; are respected by customers and fellow competitors alike. Thus, when you put down on a resume that you worked for one of those companies, you can almost guarantee getting an employer’s attention and probably a job down the road. So, know the company you plan to work for before you apply for a job. They may be your biggest help (even during a recession) at getting the next job.

  69. Leave off your graduation date??? That is bad advice. How will employers know when you will be available to work?

    • A) Leaving off a graduation date isn’t lying, it’s just removing irrelevant information. If an interviewer asks, tell them. That’s not a reason to add it to the resume ahead of time.

      B) Graduation dates have nothing to do with “availability date”. If you haven’t yet graduated, the appropriate phrasing is “B.S. in XXX (expected June, 2011). Once you have graduated, you are expected to be available on two weeks notice unless you say otherwise in your cover letter.

      C) The whole idea behind dropping old or unrelated work experience is to reduce clutter and focus on what’s most relevant to the potential employer. If your experience is relatively limited, then by all means include older jobs, internships, or volunteer work, even in other fields. But if in the last 10-15 years you’ve worked in the same field, then your jobs prior to that become just clutter in the pre-screening process. I would have to extend my resume from 1 1/2 pages to 3/1/2 pages to include everything that’s been discussed here, and that’s too long by anyone’s standards.

      D) The point in downplaying age is to get past the biases that some people have, often subunconciously, about older workers being reluctent to change, less energetic, or just marking time until retirement. Also, they assume that an older worker will expect more money because they have skills or experience that may be more than the company needs.

      If they give no thought to age until the interview, they will learn about your age at the same time that you have the opportunity to disprove these other notions, at least about yourself. So don’t go out of your way to bring it up in advance.

      This also applies to young workers, who might be considered inexperienced due to age even though part time jobs, internships, schooling, and a first job may have made them a perfect match. Again, don’t bring it up until you are in a position to counter it face to face.

  70. Carguy, heads up, Technology is here to stay, the smart thing to do is research whether that skillset can be utilized at your current workplace. Also consider that there are many levels in the IT segment, for example, at my career start (desktop support analyst) @ $19/hr 2 yr contract position, then went a full time spot in helpdesk b/c I did not like the IT consulting side. Now I am the sr analyst in my group and have all the bells/whistle and a $75 k salary, so don’t sell yourself short AND don’t settle….

  71. I do A LOT of hiring and review a lot of resumes (probably close to 400 so far this year). I see many that follow your advice and leave off jobs in the “dim dark past” in an effort to mask the age of the candidate. Frankly, it just aggravates me because now I have to try to figure out why they are hiding their past (e.g. lots of job changes).

    Not only that, if the goal is to sneak past the initial, potentially age discriminating screen, it’s likely to end in failure because the only people who leave off dates and early jobs are people who are older. it’s not fooling anyone. Plus you annoy the person reviewing the resume. I want to see what the person has accomplished…. Do they have lots of job changes or were they stable, long term employees? What functions, industries and companies have they worked in (maybe i’m targeting their former employer where they still have contacts)? Are there patterns in their history (consistent performance, leadership, etc.)? That history is very valuable and i think it’s a mistake to leave it out in a futile effort to try to fool someone.

  72. In response to Carguy9403- I have been with the same company for 25 years in various positions, currently operations manager. One thing I try to do is to stay competitive with others I would be interviewing against for my (next) position. Perhaps there are opportunities at your company to get involved with ISO audits, safety, any regulatory committees or such. I definitely watch for those kinds of involvements when reviewing applicants. Every little plus like that adds up! Good luck!

  73. A tip to Paul – I’ve hired a few people in my day & wading through 115 applications right now for the one position that I have. If I find a lie, no matter how little, that application goes directly into the “NO” pile. Keep it honest.

  74. It is good that someone brought this to the forefront. It is sad that age is a problem even when the law against discrimination exist. This shows you that no matter what the law says man will do what man does best.

    Discriminiation is the reason why everything is in a tailspin. Hiring managers want young people, to help them feel young etc. The experience person becomes a problem, as the focus is not on getting the job done and taking the company to its peak, but keeping it afloat. Now we are feeling the aftereffects of such things as age discrimination.

    • Possibly also the younger managers want peers or younger because they might feel awkward managing their [perceived] parent (even if not true). This may be more true in the hourly office jobs – ?

  75. I agree! As a recruiter, I see hundreds of resumes everyday, and the ones WITH volunteer work, church involvement, and extracirriculars always stand out!

    • Of course they stand-out. The rest of us know its few and far between that your church will be the same as my church or that your views on my volunteer efforts will align with your personal opinions. So you’re thinking, “I don’t do that, I’m not prejudice or biased!” But truthfully its too risky to add the church and volunteer stuff cause the majority of us are biased, we’re all human. Its just too risky, to chance the NO pile versus not even chancing it at all and getting our freakin foot in the door.

  76. One topic some of us find ourselves discussing is – when seeking a job or when in employment – to be educated is a sin; to be educated and experience is a bigger sin – to be educated experience and a baby boomer is the biggest sin of all. Hence those in that range should not eat or be able to support any kind of lifestyle.

  77. You got to be kidding me, this article just howls “lie its okay” what a pile of cr…p. Should i wear a wig to my next job interview? Wait, I don’t have to..I own the company! There is no substitute for a good interview so all out there remember, make your resumes distinct, honest and to the point. Catherine, you need a new profession, something where you don’t give people advice.

    • OMG, ROTFLMFAO, You must be a competing advice columnist. Could you get anymore sage like? Or is it that your generations is great at purporting satire and need not censure constructively. Be an angry old man/women some where else. Try passing down some of that ancient wisdom to us young-ins cause we’re all in this together whether your old or not.

  78. No YOU are wrong #4 is correct because when employers look at resume with volunteer work wether politcal or religious- It will not HELP get you hired- AND if it does hurt you and keeps you from gettng hired, the employer will never say why and that is their right. All they have to say is we chose another, more experenced candidatel

  79. That’s a great question. Education is education and most employers consider it prerequisite so they’ll probably ignore resumes entirely that don’t have it, but the employer wants it. Include an “Education” section and simply list the field of study and institution, but exclude any reference to a degree, dates of attendance, or the other things that suggest commencement. Maybe list the number of credits to quantify something. Invite HR to believe, suspect, wonder if you graduated rather excluding it yourself which equates to an emphatic declaration that you did not study anything. You can clarify during an interview that you still might get and impress them with something that proves your value better than a degree would anyway.

  80. Your age, religion, ethncity are important.
    If you bald or gray they might as well find out up front.
    If you’re “42″ or larger make sure they know where it counts.
    If all you can do is give a bunch of sales crap, shut up and get outta town!

  81. Hurray. Dates are more imortant than lying about ones ages. Leaving off graduation date for a college degree can be very detrimental. If no date is given i assume the person did not complete the degree.

    • Ron, I commented this above too.. Per your comment, simply listing Undergrad course credits IS sufficient, followed by present pursuit decreed education.  And yes, dates should definitely be listed.

  82. What happened to the saying “Honesty is the best policy”?

    On the issue regarding anti-discrimination laws, employers are expected to know these. Does this mean that you have very little chance of securing the job just because you entered some information that they have no right to know?

    Isn’t it that an employer’s goal is to recruit the right or the best person for the job?

    Anyway, you did include the word “probably” in the headline.

    • One of my bosses said, “You don’t have to tell everything you know.” Say what you need to fulfill the requirements listed so you can get in the door, and use the interview to say what you left off your resume. The first is paper; the second is rapport.

  83. One focal point of interest to me when reviewing resumes is the ability or inability of the applicants to express themselves using correct grammer. It is not relevant that many slang expressions have become commonplace. The applicant is going to represent a company and communicate on behalf of others. They NEED to be able to write and speak correctly within the context of their job, even if they toss formal conventions aside in casual settings. Case in point, the writer of this article, Ms Lens (and NO, there is NO PERIOD IN MS because it is a word, not an abbreviation like Mrs. or Mr.) uses “have gotten used to” in her opening and then begins a sentence with ‘But’. ‘Connectors such as but, and, or, although, etc., link two sentences or thoughts. A connector is not a word you should use to begin a sentence. “Gotten used to” is just plain lazy, sluggish writing. What ever happened to good proofreaders or editors? It’s pathetic to read an online article that focuses on creating a resume and see that the author writes so poorly.

    • You are incorrect. In the U.S., Ms. is the contraction of the honorific “Mistress” which is the feminine of “Mister” or Master”. According to the Emily Post Institute, Ms. is the default form of address for women in the U.S., regardless of marital status. Yes, for proper punctuation, it does require a period following the “s”.

    • It’s “grammar”, not “grammer”.  Learn how to spell, you ignorant dolt!  http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/errors/grammer.html

  84. My re’sum’e IS exactly what you advise and another expert will advise me to change it, while yet another expert will advise something else is better. The end result? I’m Not hired due to age discrimination (masked, ofcourse), over-qualified, too honest, No degree, too experienced, or some lame excuse…like I don’t have a out-of-state Drivers License or the interviewer worked late and decided to sleep-in (So, I keep appointment, but NOT them!). After a year of promises and other junk, all I see are UNEMPLOYED, HARD-WORKERS staying UNEMPLOYED with The Media making-up “Smoke & Mirror Shows”, anything to distract the public.

  85. I don’t agree with #1 and I’m over 40!

    1. Leaving off the date makes it look like you “took classes” but never completed the degree.

    2. Leaving off the date makes it look like you’re trying to hide your age.

    re: Randy’s question.

    I think you should only list degrees you’ve completed. I wouldn’t mention a college I attended but didn’t graduate from.

    • Actually Michelle –  you can still list any UNDERGRAD education you’ve had, long as you opt in the key courses you took. 
       
      If you’re back in school pursuing that degree, by all means include it UNDER any prior higher learning. Has worked for me.

  86. It is against the law for employers to discriminate against applicants on the basis of age. period. This is just the same as discriminating against someone because he or she is African American, Hispanic, Asian, female, disabled, etc. It is against the law, federal law. If you think the author of this article is doing job seekers any favors by perpetuating evasive tactics for this blatant age bias, you are wrong. Any job applicant who believes he or she has been discriminated against solely on the basis of age should report the potential employer to the E.O.C. This is going to end up being a huge problem for a lot of employers who have been getting away with this, because as the job market becomes more critical, the lawsuits are going to increase. Employers take note: if you discriminate based on age, you are risking a great deal. As long as the applicant is capable of doing the work and has the proper qualifications, being “greying” or “balding” should not even begin to enter into the equation. Shame on the writer of this article who purports to be offering “advice”. My advice to you is to not take blatant age discrimination lying down. If you think it;s happening to you, report it. If enough qualified candidates do this, the discrimination will stop. Employers think they can hire younger, less experienced workers for far less money and save on the bottom line. Should we also allow these same employers to tacitly specify “whites only”?

  87. What suggestions do you recommend when you graduated having worked only for 3 months after having medical and major surgery write on their resume? Also, is it innapropriate to list all of the colleges you have attended and what fields you studied or is this imperentent? Due to my injury I cannot sit or stand in one place for a long time “meaning I need to get up and move around”; not to mention every time I have asked for a telecommunicating position they want to know why? Isn’t that illegal also b/c it is stating your disabiity or age? I am under 40 and just had a total hip replacemnt so I cannot wear heels to work. I am just; trying to get ready to re-do my resume so if I could work from home during recovery I would. If anyone has suggestions please let me know. Being on Disabily has some benefits, but not a lot unfortuanately. Also does the one page rule still exist with a cover letter attached? My last job that was full time was in 1996 before I decided to attend school and then went to multiple schools but I have obtained many; and a published author, amongst other tings.

    Your suggestions will be helpful.
    Thank you for your time.

    Wemdy Webster

  88. I would strongly suggest taking night classes, just one at a time so that you do well and don’t over stress yourself, maybe even online classes. One of my friends just turned 34 this year and he never attended college, now hes finding that he has to compete with people that have BA degrees or higher. Also with this economy everyone is going back to school so by the time you need to change professions you may be competing with people who have masters degrees. Also, it never hurts to have a fall back profession.

  89. That’s awesome that you wouldn’t want to work for me, because we wouldn’t want to hire you with evidence of an imaginary friend on your resume’. Religion is a crutch for the weak minded, and putting that out there as a professional is a recipe for unemployment.

  90. Wow-I disagree with almost all of these, with qualifications. 1) Unfortunately age discrimination is a fact of life. If you leave your graduation dates off it’s like a giant red flag that you don’t want that known and the logical conclusion is age. Not including it makes an applicant look like they are deceptive or take the reviewer for a fool. I threw away dozens of resumes for this reason. Even if your resume makes it to the second more detailed read this omission will speak loudly and fail to obfuscate anything. Your level of experience and prior positions usually will speak to your age, regardless. And Randy, I would never leave out any relevant education but be prepared with a good explanation for why you didn’t complete your degree. 2) I do agree that less relevant job experience should be altered to make accomplishments speak to the job your applying for, but I don’t think you should downplay so much that you appear unproductive or worse yet create a gap. I agree with the Last Unemployed MBA do not short change your experience even if seeminglyh irrelavant to the job. Less than a month ago I applied to a job and in response I got offered another job, with better terms, that wasn’t even advertised. You never know. 3) Back to the age thing again, huh. While overly long resumes hit the trash pile faster than the eye can take it all in, this is too much of a blanket statement. If you have been around awhile and even if you’re still “young” chances are you WILL switch careers in your lifetime and often the most relevant experience for your new job comes from skills acquired a long time ago. The key here is to be STRATEGIC about what you include and how. This commentary seems to focus on chronological resumes but for career/position switchers thinking more along functional lines might be far more relevant, particularly in this economy where many may find themselves applying to positions they never would have contemplated just a few short years ago. 4) True I haven’t seen a personal section in a resume of anyone for over 2 decades and I would only recommend them for new graduates, where clubs and other activities can often highlight qualities that a lack of work experience do not. Rather than eliminate this information all together, work it into your resume more strategically. If you have volunteered during a work hiatus I’d include it directly in the experience section along with your jobs. Affilitations can be listed in their own section if they bolster your professional qualifications or speak to some skill or experience the job calls for or might be useful. As for including religious or political items I would hope people would do their homework on a place before applying, so that you will know whether you are a good fit for the organization or not. That will help you determine what to include and what to omit. If you have some responsibility or received recognition for service and it addresses the job qualifications WHY on earth would you leave that out? If you are the long time treasurer for an organization and applying to a position valuing fiscal responsibility I don’t see why not. Personal info such as marital status and children, race, etc… indeed do not need to be included(unless your prospective employer is not bound by US regulations and asks for them-see bleow). 5) Some ideas for covering gaps in history were mentioned above: volunteer work, organizational involvement, and best of all a functional emphasis resume, of which many styles exist, including combo chrono-functional. But HONESTLY if someone wrote some pap like ‘Homemaker Sabbatical’ I’d roll my eyes and toss the sucker-unless they were applying for a job as satirical sitcome writer or something. Don’t treat the reviewer like an idiot, polite society might like PC terms like vertically challenged, but in real life when the reviewer has noone to prove him/herself to and doesn’t have to worry about litigation this just sounds stupid and ridiculous. If the gap is recent and you are getting back into the work force why not address that briefly and confidently in your cover letter. If the gap is a year or less you could dimunize it by listing years only in dates, omitting months. If you’ve worked for several years after a gap then that shows that you were able to gain employment and hopefully grow professionally and I don’t think is as bad as made out to be. 6) Agreed, Photos pretty much seem corny to me and most of time people really err in their choices. One lady seemed more than pleased with her cleavage, one male applicant seemed so enamored with his vintage vehicle hobby that neither I nor the other reviewer could get past the pic, and worst of all someone I trained choose to include her photo, against my advice, and when she went in for the interview the interviewer’s first remark was that she was much older looking in person than in the pic. Needless to say she didn’t get the job and I told her they probably felt she was deceptive and untrustworthy. Ms. Jewell here seems fixated on old age in this blog. Let’s face it people while you don’t need to advertise your grays, your age will come through somehow and eventually. If you make it to the interview, you won’t be able to hide time, no matter how much Botox you had the week before. The new reality is and will only continue to be that Baby Boomers are competing with new grads, and more so with many unable to retire. Both have their +’s and -’s. The market is unlike anything it’s been just about ever, so we might as well accept what is. I personally tried to hire a mix of ages and genders and orientations because each brings stengths and I’ve worked in outfits where certain types dominated and always found that in the end it created serious weakness. Consider this, many younguns are blatantly discriminated against because they don’t have the required years of experience and it’s perfectly legal for employers to list years of experience wanted on job adds and to refuse applicants solely on that basis. Most of us have been in that catch22 where you can’t get the job due to lack of experience but you can’t gain experience for lack of a job. Older workers will have to get more creative about showing how flexible, skills-diverse and uptodate they are. Networking can help overcome both of these.

    Finally, something completely neglected in this and most articles about resumes is the fact that, like the metric system, most of the world doesn’t follow the US style of resumes and opts for the CV, something most Americans have never heard of but is increasingly more relevant for job seekers. While American jobs have gone overseas, so have many American workers. An off the top count comes up with 10 people I know who either work overseas, have a spouse working overseas, or are seeking overseas opportunities and 30 seconds more of consideration pops up a dozen friends and folk who interact significantly internationally and would have occasion to have a CV prepped. If you, like a growing numbers of ‘mericans, are looking to take up more lucrative offers abroad you’d better scrap just about everything in this blog and be prepared for the international CV and job requirements. In this world arena there are few US style rules to hinder future employers from discriminating based on age, sex, marital or child status. Many job adds will announce openly their preferences and often require a pic, even US organizations operating abroad sometimes do this in order to keep uniform with local practices.

    A CV will be pages and pages long delving far into your past, include all kinds of details otherwise irrelevant, including university research or hobbies, and most certainly date of birth! No way to finagle the age. There has been some fusing of the two styles toward a compromise document, but US folk are usually unprepared for the world out there. And even if you don’t plan on working overseas, if your company sends you or an opportunity arises you ought to become familiar with the full life curriculum. You might find your resume paltry compared to the lengthy ones your cohorts submit; such as my friend found out an international accounting conference where he was speaking, when the organizers asked for his CV and basically rejected his resume as not exhibiting enough prestige and asked him to send a full-lenght version. It might be nice to note that a ‘resume’ basically means a summary. If you know any academics or medical professionals ask them for a look at theirs, because those fields tend to be quite different and inclusion of research accomplishments, accolades, and papers are common place.

    All in all this article seems to fall into the list trap that passes for journalism these days. It attempts to dilute a complex tasks into a soundbite of info. If resume writing were so easy then there certainly wouldn’t be such a plethora of advice articles trying to simplify it and professional resume writers would be out of some income. If it were so facile, certainly Ms. Jewell would not find as much market for her talents. Writing a resume is hard work, a task we are rarely trained for in school or the workplace. I believe writing a resume and the job hunt IS a job in and of itself, one that requires effort. Thankfully today we have computers and cut and paste so we can create a new resume for every job application by tweeking minorly or majorly our base. I have a running CV where I add tidbits all the time. Sometimes I think of some part of a job that I had neglected and I insert it, or I come up with short lists of key words and skills I might want to include for various career tracks and paste that in. Other times I suddenly remember I worked somewhere or accomplished something or received an award and I had totally blanked it out and I add that. I also use it as a place to document all of my professional accomplishments. Often over time we forget a task or project well done even if we have invested lots of time and effort and are proud of our accomplishment. The running CV is a great place to note this all down for future recall. Since the average American holds more jobs and switches careers more in a lifetime than ever, having this database CV is a good way to keep up with “the shift from lifelong employment to lifetime job search” (Kent Burns).

    The REALLY hard part though is writing a worthwhile and effective covering letter!

  91. Hey,
    I am the same age as you. I know you want to hear from older people but let me say this at least…

    education is the way out. you’ll gain new and permenant skills which keeps you “updated”.

    From what you mention, you are a hard working and smart fellow looking into the future. Keep working, where it doesn’t matter. but study at night, get to a university or at least another vocational. (but try for community college, then transfer) and alot of worries will go away. Financing school might require financial aid, but it’s all good.

    you can do it man. study and you will rise. it’s good you got hands on experience with auto industry now. For example if you study business and apply that and your auto experience, you’ll have a fighting chance at staying in that industry.

    But I have a feeling you already know what you gotta do…

    good luck brother.

  92. I’m in my late 40′s and I’m changing my career from Adm. Assistant to Pastry Chef. Is this smart? I’m planning to attend a culinary school next year in the spring. How do I change my resume from Adm. Assistant to Pastry Chef? or should I improve my existing skills? Your help and advise is greatly appreciated.

  93. Ditto! I wouldn’t want to work for someone who did not want me working for them because I am involved with my church. As a social worker and Christian counselor, I devised a Christian Parenting Program using both my knowledge of secular parenting and my theological studies in spiritual direction. Even most social welfare agencies don’t see this as a plus, but a detriment. Why? Because nowadays social workers have to give parenting to gay and lesbian partners; therefore, they prefer not to hire anyone with specific views on gay marriage, etc. I personally, would not want to work with an agency that promoted parenting classes to lesbian or gay couples. Nor one that places children in foster homes where they will be taught that lesbian and guy cohabitation is acceptable. Yes, Christians have a duty to uphold the TRUTH! My placing a foster child in such an environment would tarnish his/er perception of what God intended with marriage. After all, marriage was instituted by God, not created by man. Nowadays I only get calls from persons who share my principals.

    • Point made, Christian Counselor would add Church and volunteer work while a Biotechnical Engineer most certainly would not. Please keep the bleeding heart brim-stone and fire pulpit preaching to a minimum. This is what HR thinks when they see this on a resume. Positives and negatives, meaning does the positive of ones church affiliations and volunteer work out weigh the negatives for making profits for this company.
      Unfortunately, the fear of lawsuits involving church and charity is a lot more concerning then your warm and fuzzies of helping the community and how it positively helps your work production.
      Just preaching the raw truth.

  94. I have two question for someone who can answer this one:
    1) When I was single a few years ago I had plenty of time on my hands and as a consequence I created quite a litlte nest egg for myself that I used to buy my dream home. I had a day job that paid well, plus I had a job a part-time job at night (next door to my employer). I also had a job on Saturday mornings doing some part-time work.
    2) I worked 15 years in social work which is mostly funded by grants. Grants naturally reach their term and are either extended or cancelled. No fault of my
    own. . .
    Issue No. 1) When one looks at my Resume, at first glance it appears that I was jumping around from job to job, when in fact, I had many jobs that were simultabeous employments. I include them all because they are contribute directly to my work experience being relevant to my field. This should be viewed as extra experience, or enhanced experience. My Resume gets placed aside or thrown away without careful scrutiny because it looks very busy. They don;t look at the dates to see that they were not all individual jobs, but I had several jobs at a time. Like I said, I no longer do this (my husband would strangle me) but as a single peson I was saving money for a home. This worked out really well. When can I do with this reagrd not looking like I’ve been jumping around?
    Issue No. 2) Grants terminate through no fault of my own. Furthermore, legislators are always cutting programs. We’ve all heard of this on the news. Again, I have no control over this. . .Again, this makes it look like I have been jumping around when in fact, grants came to term, and the government cut programs so I HAD TO LOOK FOR OTHER WORK. How canI state this in a cverletter so that they will continue to the Resume, and not “ASSUME” or read into it before careful scrutiny????? HELP! Need suggestions.
    Little Therese

    • I would not include the smaller part-time work unless it really added some skill not apparent from the other jobs. You could also mark them “part time” or “secondary income”. But I think removing them is best since it reduces the clutter and the thought of “job hopping”. As I mentioned before, it’s not lying – it’s ommiting material that is of limited interest to the interviewer, and you can bring it out during an interview. If your resume contained every single fact about you, there would be no point in having an interview at all.

      As far as leaving a position goes, just indicate it in the description – “position eliminated at end of grant funding period” or some such.

      As far as job history goes, I have most of the problems discussed here. A four year job, an eleven year job, a ten year job, and five jobs in the last five years, all of which I knew in advance were short term contracts of six to twelve months. I dropped the first two jobs (no one cares what I did 30 years ago), and say “xxx month contract position” for the recebt short term positions in the description. I also had a half dozed second jobs – contract programming, etc. that were never more than 20% of my income. I have a single sentence under Experience that says “Over 20 years experience in Network Engineering, plus numerous independent consulting projects and ownership of several small businesses”. The actual number is 31 years (I’m 52), and I don’t describe the projects and businesses since they are either unrelated or insignificant, but I didn’t hide them either. They are often discussed during the interview.

      The whole thing about the resume is to get to the interview. To do that, you want to highlight things of significant interest, and omit things of limited interest or distractions. You never want to lie. But clearing the clutter has the secondary effect of not screaming “Old”. That generally isn’t a problem once I get in front of an interviewer; I’ve just got to get there.

      • One suggestion I might make here.. A crafty recruiter had me tweak my resume with Temporary Administrative-Customer Service. Any employer who sees this title (and my years of exp) obviously realizes that title means ALL areas of Administrative work (accounting, OA, data entry, etc)
         
        The whole idea was for me to condense all those split times/years into the solidity of Temporary/contract experience  :) 

  95. I agree about graduation dates. I have been turned down at a number of interviews for the sole fact that they said “i did not have enough PAID experience”. why is that such a big deal if i JUST graduated college? duh, of course i won’t have a lot of paid experience yet

    • sorry that happened, Jess. It’s still a bite market out there. A friend recently finished his Bachelor’s (business) and was facing similar obstacles; receiving ‘polite’ no-thank you’s, like yours. He was lucky enough to find a job coach/recruiter at our local agency that specialize in recent grads. Keep looking and good luck!

  96. I appreciate all of your comments. I feel better about my future knowing that the advice I have been given is pretty much what I have been doing. I just finished the OSHA 30 Hr course this week and I am taking the forklift certification training in a few weeks. After the summer it usually slows down at my work and I go down to 40-45 hrs. I was thinking about getting a weekend job at an oil change place or parts store or something to keep my auto experience relevant. I have socked away a months worth of income into savings and I’m on the path to being totally debt free within 2 years. I will be in better shape then. I appreciate everyones positive reinforcement it means a lot. Thanks

  97. I agree with most of this. My resume is without dates, and I don’t usually include volunteer activities unless they have relevance to the job I am applying for. I am a college student and I work full time but am looking for better employment. I am 46 years old and I can agree that employers do discriminate when it comes to age. I raised a family and then decided to go back to school. It has been difficult to say the least. My hope is that when I graduate, I will be able to find something in my chosen field. My advice to all the twenty somethings out there is get your education now.

    • I too have left the dates off my resume, replaced with my years of experience only; the exception of my present PT job. If they want to know actual dates they will contact me. I’ve also worked in HR before and often wondered why some applicants; esp ‘older’ ones, left outdated experience/history on theirs. 15-yr old technology holds no grace to modern technology. End of story. A former HR boss used to toss resumes in the trash that listed BOTH MS OFFICE 2006 and OFFICE 2010. Ooops

  98. Who makes all these rules on resumes? Their all virtually different. One page, two pages, keyword type, no keywords, etc… I would almost rather have a debate about religion and politics than reading articles on resumes. I’m 42 and have always wanted to build homes. Growing up, being in a in trade group, organization was just as good as attending college. Some parents thought my path was the better path. I decided to follow my passion and left college after 2 semesters to follow my dreams. I have done everything to learn my craft and continue to learn every single day.

    I’ve had my own company which was very successful. I interviewed and was offered the position of VP of Operations with a once large, privately held builder due to my skills, experience, reputation and willingness to keep learning. I even became the COO of another company; without a degree.

    Someone must have been asleep at the wheel more than once, right? I did not have a nice piece of embossed paper, in a nice picture frame to hang on the wall. What does this tell you experts?

    I”m back in the hunt after an 10 year relationship with my former employer. Here’s what I’ll do starting today; write my resume on a piece of drywall or OSB and hand it to you career coaches, HR guru’s, recruiting experts et al. Let me know if the edges are too rough for your manicured hands. I’ll smooth the edges and then whack you over the head with it!

    • There are special “rules” for different industries. And there are people who have gotten good jobs after having violated every “rule” there is. The right experience often does trump education, and that’s more common as you get older and have more good experience and those 20-30 year old degrees of your competitors start looking pretty dusty. I suspect you also had a pretty good “old boy’s network” of former customers/business partners, etc. that helps a lot. The point of the whole resume content argument is to increase the odds, not that it’s some kind of test you can pass or fail.

  99. am i missing something? many similar articles suggest omiting info such as age, photos, personal status like married, children etc. because employers fear accusations of discrimination yet in the same breath suggest that many employers are now checking social websites such as facebook where they will gather the same info. and can they really check those websites? well i guess it depends on privacy settings.

  100. Since a resume is only one page and you only have about 30 seconds to get someone interested i you, it’s probably more helpful to focus on what few things SHOULD be included on one’s resume. The first thing you should do is put your resume aside and look at the job description. Extract all of their key words and buzz phrases. The only thing that matters to them is what they THINK matters. There is little logic to this process. Rank your list of those of those 20-50 words and phrases and rank them according to their relative dollar value. For example, graphic design is going to be more valuable than typing. Then go back to your resume and use those high dollar skills to describe the jobs you’ve had. Parrot back your responsibilities as closely as you can to their job description. Those low-value skills at the bottom may be dropped. Avoid the temptation to repeat skills in other jobs. All this does is waste precious space. I agree wit the author, avoid volunteer work unless it is necessary to demonstrate a skill listed by the employer. Otherwise you WILL be discriminated against, if for no other reason than employers resent the fact you have free time to do charitable work. Employers today feel they own you 24/7. Most people SHOULD include a good headshot on your resume. Why? Because it makes you stand out and saves you the brain damage of showing up in person for an interview only to be discriminated against because they don’t like your look. If you are an older worker, you need to get over the fact our society is biased toward youth and beauty if you want a job. Get rid of the grey hair and take all reasonable steps to keep yourself looking as close to the “ideal” of 35. Finally, avoid the temptation to publish your life on the Internet. If you have one of these social networking pages, lock it up tight, but remember employers often demand to have a password as a condition of pre-employment screening. Many now ask for this information on job applications. Your best bet is not to go there in the first place. Remember, the process of job applicant screening is primarily directed at looking for reasons NOT to hire someone. Finally, before you go to all of the trouble to do a custom resume, I.D. the decision maker. Sending your resume to Human Resources is about as useful as throwing your resume in the trash. If you can, get the decision maker on the phone and probe for their specific hot buttons and speak to those in your resume and cover letter first.

    • I only hope you are being sarcastic about the Headshot/photo part. That would apply to professional actors ONLY. Sending any regular employer your photo is both foolhardy and unprofessional. 

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  103. I hire people and I can tell you that the most important part of an interview is to hire people that not only work well with the existing employees, but also offer something additional to the team. Personality conflicts are the quickest way to lose employees. So if its an important aspect of your life (i.e. church, political involvement), put it on your resume. Sure if you are too radical, you will get turned down by some employers. But too radical could be too conservative or too liberal.

    You want to impress me on a resume? Make sure your spelling is correct. Keep it up beat and positive. Keep out the technical jargon, but still be informative.

    You want to impress me in an interview? Answer questions with complete sentences, not just yes or no. Have a sense of humor. Be honest, but not rude. Saying your previous boss was an idiot might be true, but won’t get you the job. Saying that you had a difference of opinion or objectives is more diplomatic and interesting.

    As for age, let experience work for you. I’ve hired from 18 to 80 and have had good workers from every age, and bad ones too. Ironically, its my younger staff that has asked me to hire more older employees. People they can look up to and learn from.

  104. Regarding, only including job history for the past 10-15 years, what should you do if you were at your first job for 18 years and the second job for 8 years? Are you saying lie about the amount of time you worked at each place?

  105. Not to be rude but I am only accepting resume advice from employers. They should tell us what our resume should include for each particular job since they want anyone filling out a standard uniform application. I’ve seen want ads requesting picture, salary requirements etc. I remember when it was a “sin” to ask how much the job paid. Now they want to know how much do we think we are worth? As far as my potential employer stalking me on social networking sites… Don’t tell me to come to work professionally but go digging through my $ocial life. If my job does not require “social me” to be there what are you looking for her for? Furthermore in order to view my social network profile they’d have to be synced to the same network, right? So whats on their page???

    • They don’t realize we’re doing the same thing. We’re as much interviewing them as they are interviewing us. Not all companies are a good fit with our needs. Their webpage speaks just as much about them too.

    • Totally agreed, E.M. and your concern has been stated similarly on other job forums. Since when did it become requirement or privileged for ANY employer to dig into ones social network page? One’s private, social life OUTSIDE the work place is private – and in some places, a total breach of privacy; same as one’s Status (single, married, gay, etc.) Just another ‘excuse’ an employer can abuse RE hiring qualifications. Ridiculous  ):

  106. Thank you for all the advice! I agree totally about information being formatted on FB to fit you as you truly are because I have had two potential employers look for me on FB before they offered me the job.

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  111. The State Of Jobs In West Sussex

    ‘Recession Proof’ Jobs in West Sussex

    Finally the phrase all of us believed was coming has arrived, ‘Recession’. For the previous few months the word has been intentionally avoided however leading economists and even the Bank of England have finally admitted that recession is on its way. Not a large surprise with most of the basic public seeming to consider we’re already in one.

    So it’s all doom and gloom now and nobody’s job is safe right? Not so. A few of West Sussex’s residents want worry less. Traditionally some jobs have confirmed to be ‘Recession Resistant’ but which jobs are they? Basically they’re jobs in organisations that provide goods and providers that remain a necessity whilst we tighten our belts. The areas thought of to be reasonably safe include:

    o Education – Children don’t cease developing as the market shrinks and don’t cease requiring an education. West Sussex’s numerous colleges, faculties and Universities including Chichester Faculty and The college of Chichester are nonetheless keenly recruiting. Instructional establishments also require administrative, catering and different support staff. Academic jobs in West Sussex ought to remain secure.

    o Public Sector – Authorities is a definite constant during a recession. Our towns, cities and country should continue to go on providing providers and making sure things carries on heedless. The Chichester District Council and The West Sussex County Council still need a large array of workers so public sector jobs in West Sussex should beat the recession.

    o Security – Sadly, crime doesn’t cease during a recession (in reality, although I am unable to declare to know the statistics, there are clearly related monetary factors which may increase it!) We are fortunate in West Sussex to have a relatively low crime fee but we nonetheless want our protecting companies such The West Sussex Police. They also require their help workers so these with safety jobs in West Sussex have a lesser have to worry.

    o Healthcare and Prescription drugs – Illness and injury still happen during a recession. In Chichester it is honest to say that now we have an ageing inhabitants due maybe to the standard of life we’re fortunate sufficient to obtain here. (So lengthy as St Richards Hospital stays open!) hospital staff, GPs, ambulance staff, nursing and care employees are still in demand so Healthcare jobs in West Sussex needs to be quite safe.

    o Energy Firms – We could all develop into a bit extra acutely aware of our energy outgoings as part of our belt tightening however we continue to have an enormous for gasoline and electricity and that is unlikely diminish. Chichester businesses and homes will still require Southern Electrical, British Fuel and the wish to keep us running so these working for energy corporations similar to engineers and customer providers in West Sussex ought to consider their jobs secure.

    o Environmental Sector – In West Sussex, as with every different metropolis, our council seems dedicated to improving our ‘Greeness’. It is a sentiment additionally taken up by businesses and it’s unlikely to be halted during the coming recession. There’ll nonetheless be a need for ‘Inexperienced’ consultants and engineers in West Sussex in the coming months.

    o Gross sales and Marketing – This isn’t an area you may count on to be safe however historically and logically anything which makes or saves a company cash is more probably to be safe. It is barely dependant on the strategy and outlook of the business in specific however gross sales jobs and marketing jobs in West Sussex may be safe.

    o Funeral Administrators – Sorry to finish on a morbid note however to use the outdated saying ‘the one certainties in life are loss of life and taxes’!

    Nervous that your employment may be in danger? Unfortunately there are some struggling industries including building, housing and finance and the strongest recommendation I can give you is to make sure your CV is up to scratch do you may have to find yourself in the unlucky state of affairs and it’s essential to enter the competitive job market. Additionally make positive you find a very good job board comparable to chichester jobs to keep you updated with the most recent jobs in West Sussex.

    Richard Blackburn is a recruitment professional having spent the final 7 years working as a Recruitment Advisor, hi is Content material Editor for jobs in west sussex

  112. Thsi is probably a minor inquiry, but I am curious as to people’s opinions on this. What if you’ve moved around a lot? I’ve lived in many different cities and my resume (until recently) showed all the locations of prior employers (city/state)–in a nutshell, I’ve been all over the map. Personally, I don’t feel that’s anybody’s business as to WHY I’ve moved around so much, it’s just been in my exploratory nature to live in different places. Would an employer look at this as odd? Recently, I took off the “city/state” where the past employers are located on my resume, and I’d like to know if anybody thinks that is a big deal for a prospective employer. All companies are legit–I didnt make anything up about past employment.(I feel I can always fill in the location information when I fill out the job application, if granted an interview). It always seems you have to fit a conventional mold to get an interview–”stay in the same field for a long time, live in the same city, have 2.4 kids, be a company man”–all that bullshit–I wish emplioyers would realize that the world just isn’t like that–

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  116. I have a question regarding 5. Gaps in history. I have a 3 year gap between jobs simply because I immigrated to another country. During said gap I studied and was able to finish a couple of diploma courses. What is the best way to explain that is my resume. Thanks.

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  135. I have to believe that these suggestions apply mostly to high paying salary jobs or specific careers such as advertising or executive positions. Why? Because 98% of the jobs I have appplied to in the last 2 months are not satisfied with just a resume. They re-direct me to their website where I have to fill out their application which will not let you proceed until you fill in the mandatory spaces such as dates of work and date of graduation, supervisor’s names,even some wanting the last 5 jobs even though you have been at one for 15 years. That said, I have also encountered two companies that ask your age…because it’s online or at their company computer application they feel they can get away with it.  When I contacted a lawyer regarding this I was told that companies can pretty much ask whatever they want nowadays re dates and age.   The discrimination part only comes into play when you feel you didn’t get the job because of age discrimination and try proving that ! Almost all want it over the computer and that’s their cover-up. Who knows what they look at or why they ditch a few. Even the State and federal jobs ask even more detailed questions.

    •  @eastendgirl1 I so hear you!  It’s ridiculous that MANY Co. sites are now requiring the lengthy app process, including a “personality profile”. They’ve just wasted 45-60 min of YOUR TIME by sending you an automated email “thanks (but no thanks) we’ve received….”  I especially love the tech geniuses who INSIST on you scrambling with actual dates, blah – and the fields that aren’t specific – yet when you Submit you’re suddenly met with an unfriendly popup “sorry you didn’t follow the directions”  What Directions?  It’s beyond frustrating. I actually got a hold of one Co. tech support who apologized, their system had been malfunctioning for some time, etc. Would I care to apply in person .. they were 40 min. away. No I’m not wasting my gas for a paper application! Fix the problem, it’s what they’re paid for! …

    •  @eastendgirl1 Companies now are making it very hard to get noticed. It’s not just about the resurme anymore. I feel that 90% of jobs I’ve applied for also redirect me to their website, I’ve had to take numerous “personality tests”, and if the resume doesn’t have specific “key words” on it…..the computers that they use to screen for them, sends it off to “never never land”, and it doesn’t even get seen by a human. 
      I’m currently looking for a new job, after moving to a new city, and I hate it. I feel like I’m going to have to get a professional to help me write a better  resume, even though I have a great background….I know people that are applying for high paying jobs, and even jobs that don’t pay as well, and they are running into the same thing. I miss the old days, when you could contact a company, and ask if they are hiring, and they set up an interview, and you can give you work history to an actual human, and feel like you are getting somewhere. 

      • One of the tips with keywords is that when you read the posting, tweak your resume to include some of that same language so it’s going to get pulled in on the search results. Also, always use all available resources like social media sites to connect with HR or recruiters at the companies you are applying to so you can make an impression and follow-up.

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  147. Extensive research shows us that submitting 3 Letters of Recommendation (best in person) improves anyone’s chance at securing the job offered.  Try for yourself and let us know.

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  149. It is amusing that Johnb23456 would resort to name calling over a grammatical error while being more guilty of not correctly identifying the source as a “comment” by Rebecca instead of the author. Really, who is the “dolt”?

  150. I don’t agree with the gaps in history section.  Don’t be cute or fancy and use “Homemaker Sabbatical”.  You can just write “Homemaker”, then explain the rest in a cover letter.  For example, state in the body of the cover letter: “I stayed home to raise my children.  However, now, I am eager to get back into the workforce and utilize my skills”. Mention some of the skills you either gained in volunteer or has a homemaker.  Be honest is the most important thing, but like Roseanne Barr, she use to say “domestic goddes” etc, but avoid funny or cutesy phrases for being a stay at home mom.  I would say, own it and be proud of it and explain it with pride in your cover letter, but don’t oversell.  Then mention you need a change now and someone to give you that opportunity.

  151. Also, pictures and all that may eliminate the chance for discrimination.  However, even if you get the interview.  Employers are still human and may discriminate upon looking at you but still give you that interview to go through the motions.  For example, I applied for a teaching position in a private school.  On their website was a picture of chinese kids, white kids, Black kids, all mixes.  They called me in for an interview based on my full name.  It sounds black.  In any case, all the teachers were black and all the students were black and I was interviewed by six black teachers.  So they did discriminate because I was white but legally they are not allowed to show that on their website.  I should have known based on the religion section.  They were very religious and I am not but I thought I could still teach religion.  In any case, I learned later, that most black people are very religious so putting the religion on the website could have attracted Black employees.  They were not expecting me.

  152. If you are worried about “gaps,” don’t use a chronological resume.  They are generally worthless anyway unless you have been continously employed.

  153. but aren’t they looking for fit!! it is not uncommon to discuss politics shows your reading or watching the news. i guess i would be guilty of putting a photo on my resume.  a small one in the corner would add a personal touch. and surely no one with a professional degree wouldn’t take inventory in human capital and be dumb enough to be obvious in their selection process. wouldn’t some of these HLEP

  154. susiecc eastendgirl1 Consider temp positions.  I started doing this and it worked well.  In fact, I really don’t want a full time position anymore.

  155. I would really love to make a blog but.. I’m not sure what type of blogs get the most traffic? What kind of blogs do you surf? I mostly surf photo blogs and fashion blogs. Just getting a poll here thanks!.

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